Imagine being in a situation where a place has caught fire, and you are supposed to extinguish it. In such a situation, your first thought would be to get out of the place. If that’s not possible then you may think of using a fire extinguisher. But do you know how to use a fire extinguisher? It is very important that you know how to operate a fire extinguisher properly as it can help in quickly extinguishing the fire. Now there are different types of fire extinguishers to suppress different class of fires. The different classes of fire are as follows:
- Class A: Involves the fire caused due to the burning of wood, paper, or textiles.
- Class B: Occurs because of inflammable liquids such as petrol, diesel, or kerosene.
- Class C: This type of fire usually originates from inflammable gases such as Liquid Petroleum Gas.
- Class D: Such fires take place because of metal.
- Class E: Electrical fires fall under this category.
Let’s quickly take a look at how you can use a fire extinguisher.
Using a fire extinguisher
For using a fire extinguisher, there is a simple mnemonic device, called P.A.S.S., to help you remember what to do:
- Pull pin –
- Check the pressure of the fire extinguisher. The pressure needle needs to be in the green part. This denotes that the fire extinguisher has adequate pressure and is capable of extinguishing the fire.
- Pull the pin or the zip tie attached to the handle of the extinguisher.
- Aim –
- You should always maintain a distance of at least 6-8 feet from the fire.
- Hold the extinguisher with one hand from its lower handle for better positioning and the nozzle with the other hand.
- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire.
- Spray –
- Once you aim the nozzle, squeeze the lever to allow the extinguisher to discharge.
- Sweep –
- While the extinguisher discharges the elements, ensure that you sweep the extinguisher left and right while trying to put out the fire.
- Continue sweeping the nozzle till the time fire does not extinguish.
Also, do not forget to contact fire department as soon as possible. This is because even though you have extinguished the fire, there’s a possibility that it can arise again. A firefighting officer knows how to extinguish a fire according to the NFPA codes and standards.
Once the fire is extinguished, you should wait for sometime and clean the residue left by the extinguisher. Some fire extinguishers are disposable, while others are rechargeable. Once you successfully extinguish a fire, you can either dispose it or send it back to the unit for a recharge.
Fire accidents should never be taken lightly. Therefore, ensure you have installed a fire suppression or non-water fire suppression system to safeguard your area from the threat of a fire. Feel free to contact us for choosing the right type of fire extinguisher according to your requirement.