When a fire breaks out, an ordinary or a mist fire suppression system can be extremely beneficial to protect an area until the firefighters arrive on the scene. A fire suppression system works with the help of a storage tank that consists of water or other suppressive agents that are capable of extinguishing a fire. A water storage tank provides water to the sprinklers or suppression systems as and when required. It is a huge tank used at commercial properties where there’s every possibility that the fire can ignite and spread to other places in quicktime. Here are 4 things you must know about a fire protection water storage tank.
The Location of the Tank
These water storage tanks are set up at a certain distance from the place that needs to be protected from fire. Usually, these tanks are located at a higher altitude. In order to decide the location of the water storage tank, you must follow the guidelines provided by the NFPA codes. The fire protection water storage tanks can also be located underground. These tanks are made from fiberglass and are known to be extremely durable. These tanks are also known not to get damaged or freezed during winter. The underwater tanks are known to have multiple chambers that can store water for drinking purposes as well.
The Tank Fittings
When you opt to install a fire protection water storage, you need to make sure that the outlets are made of raw materials that can withstand higher temperatures. You should also ensure that the draw-off outlet should be built in such a way that the firefighters can easily connect the hoses to the water storage tank.
The Tank Security
When installing a fire protection water storage tank, you need to ensure that the tank is secure and the water is not contaminated. At the same time, it is important to secure the outlets which are connected to the water storage tank. Additionally, it is important to build proper outlet structures so that the flow of water is not affected in case of an emergency situation.
A fire protection water storage tank should operate even when there’s no power. This is because when a fire breaks out, there is a complete possibility of a power outage. In such a situation, a petrol or diesel generated pump can help the firefighters to extract water from the storage tanks. If a fire breaks out in a commercial area, there is a possibility that the fire can engulf several offices. A major benefit of installing a water storage tank is that it is capable of powering different types of sprinkler systems. So, the water tank is connected to multiple sprinkler outlets to extinguish the fire at several locations at the same time.
It Should Meet NFPA Requirements
You should make sure that the NFPA requirements for setting and functioning of your water storage tanks are followed. Here are some of the points that you should take into consideration:
When inspecting your fire protection water storage tank, you can use a pair of binoculars to check tall water tanks. You can detect clear signs of any external damage from a long distance. Apart from walls, you should also take a look at the tank-water indicator level on a monthly basis. This is important as the indicator describes the level and the quantity of water stored inside.
Apart from external inspection, you should also ensure that the tanks interiors are inspected every three years. Interior testing is important as the water tank can be damaged from inside too. With proper inspection, you can check for any damages or cracks that require immediate repairs.
There are multiple pieces of equipment associated with a fire protection water storage tank. Tank heater is one of the most important equipment associated with a fire protection water storage tank. This is because a heater holds the responsibility of ensuring that the tank does not freeze during winters. Before installing a heating equipment, you should make sure that such equipment is thoroughly tested and is functioning properly. The tanks should be tested at an interval of every 5 years as it is mandatory according to NFPA 25.
For a fire protection water storage tank to be functional, you should make sure that the tanks are maintained properly. As water tanks are susceptible to developing silt and accumulating dirt over time, you should make sure that it is cleaned regularly. Apart from that, you should also ensure that the tanks are maintained with water at full or equivalent level. Apart from interiors and exteriors, the tank valves should also be cleaned by an expert in a specific way mentioned by the manufacturers.
Fire protection should not be taken for granted. Apart from installing a fire protection water storage, you should always make a point of maintaining it as well to ensure efficient functioning as and when required. If you require fire water tank design or inspection, testing or maintenance services, get in touch with our specialists today.